Sunday, March 2, 2014

Perfume - the essence that inspires pleasure

Perfume - the essence that inspires pleasure

Perfume - the essence that inspires pleasure

A perfume is a combination liquid aromatic oils and aroma compounds , fixatives and solvents to be used to give the human body, objects or living space a pleasant smell.

Perfume - the essence that inspires pleasure

Perfumes can be grouped into different families :

    Floral : Fragrances that are dominated by essentially of one or more flowers. When using a single flower scents are called soliflore (such as Christian Dior 's fragrance Diorissimo based lily ) .
    Chypre : Fragrances on a mixture of bergamot , oak moss , patchiouli , and labdanum . This family of fragrances and was named after the fragrance of the same name created by François Coty .
    Aldehyde : Perfume incorporating a family of chemicals known as the aldehyde . Chanel No 5 created by Ernest Beaux in 1921 was the first aldehydic perfume . Other fragrances include Je Arpege and reviens. Characterization of aldehyde fragrance is "spicy " produced by substances that aldehyde C12 MNA .
    Fougère ( fern ) : Perfumes with a base of lavender, coumarin and oak moss . This family is named after perfume Houbigant Fougère Royale product , the first to use this base. Many masculine fragrances belong to this family , which is characterized by herbaceous or woody scents .
    Leather : A family of fragrances which combines essences of honey , tobacco , wood and wood tar with a scent that resembles the skin.
    Woody: Fragrances that dominates hardwood is typically of sandalwood and cedar . Patchouli , with its smell of camphor is used frequently in these perfumes.
    Oriental or amber : A common class combines vanilla perfume or other animal species such as floral or woody fragrances . The fragrance can contain camphor oils and resins .
    Citrus : An old fragrance family that until recently consisted mainly colognes " soft " due to low tenacity of citrus essences . Production of new aromatic compounds has allowed the creation of perfumes using primarily citrus fragrances .

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History of perfume

The word perfume used today derives from the Latin "per prima " and means " through smoke " . Perfumery, or the art of preparing perfumes, was born in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt and was further refined by the Romans and Persians .

Although perfume and perfumery existed in India , much of their flavors are based on incense . The first recorded chemist was a woman named Tapp , a preparatory perfume . She distilled flowers , oil, and calamus with other aromatics , and then filtered and put them back , repeating the procedure many times.

Archaeologists have discovered , in 2005, the oldest perfumes in Pyrgos , Cyprus. These perfumes have existed for about 4,000 years. The perfumes were discovered in an ancient perfumery . In old times , people used herbs and spices and almond , coriander, myrtle , conifer resin , bergamot .

Arabian chemist , Al - Kindi ( Alkindus ) wrote , in the ninth century , a book on perfumes which he called " The Book Chemist perfumes and distilling. "including over a hundred recipes for creating perfumes oils , salves , aromatic waters and substitutes or imitations of costly drugs . The book also describes 107 methods and recipes for perfume and equipment for perfumes like alembic . Persian Muslim physician , Avicenna ( Ibn Sina also known as ) introduced the process of extracting oils from flowers by distillation , today it is the most common procedure , experimenting first with roses. Until Avicenna 's discovery , liquid perfumes were mixtures of oil and crushed or petals. Both raw materials and distillation technology significantly influenced western perfumery and evolution ands , especially chemical properties .

Art manufacture perfumes became known in Western Europe since the 1221 . In 1370 there was a fragrance of scented oils blended in an alcohol solution . Art manufacture perfumes flourished during the Renaissance in Italy , and in the 16th century, Italian refinements were taken to France by Rene the Florentine ( Renato it Fiorentino ) 's personal perfumer Catherine de ' Medici. His laboratory was connected with her ​​apartment through a secret passage , so no formula could not steal . Thanks to Rene , France quickly became one of the European centers of perfume and cosmetic manufacture . Cultivation of flowers for their fragrant essence , which began in the 14th century, develop into a major manufacture in the south of France . Between the 16th and 17th century , perfumes were used primarily to combat the rich circle bodily odors resulting due to irregular baths . Partly because of this clientele was created perfume industry . In Germany , Italian barber Giovanni Paolo Feminis created a perfume water called Aqua Admirabilis , known today under the name cologne .

Negative effects on health

In recent years , with the development of consumer protection associations and with increasing interest in the quality of products consumed and their health implications were first indictment of perfume and scented products in general. Complaints have increased because manufacturers are not required to inform perfume buyers about the chemical composition of the perfume . This regulation is provided due to commercial confidentiality. Among the most prevalent common diseases : Contact allergy - irritation | itchy skin irritation or swelling . People with skin diseases (psoriasis , eczema ) are advised to avoid contact with perfume . triggers of asthma - along with pollution , dust, pet fur and cigarette smoke , perfumes , air fresheners are found . The ingredients in perfumes, whether they are natural or synthetic origin , can cause health problems if used in large amounts . Allergies are the most common , but there are ingredients that are documented as causing cancer. Also some synthetic ingredients can cause hormonal endocrine system is severely affected . Many chemicals present in the perfume , usually synthetic , are known to be toxic and some of them are used in insect sprays . Some compounds in synthetic fragrances were detected in human fat . Source Wikipedia , the free encyclopedia .